International Organizations: United Nations Development Program

Who they are: The UN’s global development organization helps people in 166 different countries build a better life by enhancing shared knowledge, experiences and resources through collective solutions and assistance with goods and services.

What they do: UNDP works with local communities to use and distribute aid effectively.  They also encourage the protection of human rights and women empowerment.  The focus of UNDP is to work along side individual countries and communities to come up with solutions in the ongoing challenge of democratic governance, poverty reduction, crisis prevention and recovery, energy and environment as well as HIV/AID awareness and education.  The UNDP also commissions an annual Human Development Report that provides new measurement tools, innovative analysis and controversial policy proposals debating on key development issues.

Where they work: The UNDP operates in 166 countries throughout Africa, the Arab states, Asia and the South Pacific, Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States as well as Latin American and the Caribbean.

How its run: Operating under the strict principals of the UN, the UNDP respects each individual countries right to control its own future, while maintaining a collective collaboration.  The UNDP has an Executive Board made up of representatives from 36 countries throughout the world, who serve on a rotating basis, that oversee the activities of the countries operations.  The board ensures responsiveness to the evolving needs of the programme countries by overseeing and supporting the activities of the UNDP.  The board members meet three times a year, while the board secretariat facilitates the board’s work all year by reviewing and editing all documents and providing information and support to the Board members.

Procurement Procedures: In order to attain funds through the UNDP there are three methods from which to apply.  One is the Request for Quotation (RFQ) used to attain goods, services and/or work between $2,500 but less that $100,000.  This is the most flexible and least formal method that requires and written quotation.  Another method is called Invitation to Bid (ITB) used when the requesting entity provides its cost requirements to meet precise specifications sought from UNDP, usually when the UNDP buy the goods.  This type of contract exceeds $100,000.  The final approach for procumbent is called Request for Proposal (RFP) used for contracts exceeding $100,00.  This method is used for purchase of complex goods when you are not sure of the functional specifications and wish to seek proposals.  All three methods are competitive and reviewed thoroughly.

Special Programs: The Millennium Development Goals are eight goals to be achieved by 2015 that respond to the world’s main development challenges:

Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and Hunger
Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education
Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women
Goal 4: Reduce child mortality
Goal 5: Improve maternal health
Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability
Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development

Website: http://www.undp.org/countries

University of Hawaii at Manoa; Center of Excellence in DMHA; ICRC


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